ISRO launching 83 Satellites: ISRO is a lot in the news lately. I am sure you might have heard about it (unless if you’re living under a rock, which I am sure you aren’t). ISRO has planned to launch 83 satellites simultaneously in January next year.
ISRO launching 83 Satellites in one go!!!
Now, these satellites will belong to different countries: Israel, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Switzerland and the US. This really would be a great venture for India. Turns out, it might not be a big fish for ISRO-given its credentials accrued over the years, this was not unexpected of it. For example, the first satellite to discover the presence of water on the moon is made by ISRO. Before we delve into it’s some other accomplishments, let us get to know about ISRO first. Let us know more about ISRO future plans in India and ISRO 2017 project where ISRO launching 83 Satellites in Jan 2017 in one go.
ISRO is the government of India-owned space agency dedicated to space exploration and outer space travel. It started off as Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962, which was set up by then prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru to formulate the Indian space program with by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai at its helm. ISRO superseded INSOSPAR in 1969.
ISRO is managed by the department of space of the Government of India which falls under the authority of Prime minister of India. Some of agencies and institutes of ISRO:
- Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram.
- National remote Sensing Center (NRSC), Hyderabad.
- Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS)
- Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Thiruvananthapuram – India’s space university.
The full list and organization under ISRO is shown below:
A Look at ISRO Through the Years
ISRO made India’s first indigenously developed satellite, Aryabhatta in 1975. It was launched by the soviet union since India didn’t have a launch vehicle at that time. Subsequently, India started developing launch vehicles named SLV (Satellite launch vehicle) or SLV-3 in order to become self–reliant. The first launch vehicle successfully placed a satellite in the experimental series Rohini into the orbit in 1979. Four satellites were developed and launched indigenously as a part of Rohini series. Of this, three were successfully launched and placed into orbit.
India to set another World Record, ISRO launching 83 Satellites on single rocket in one go in January, 2017
India’s launch vehicle fleet currently consist of SLV, ASLV (Augmented Satellite launch vehicle), PSLV (Polar Satellite launch vehicle), GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite launch vehicle), GSLV-3 – all of which are made by ISRO. ISRO’s launch vehicles have also launched satellites made by other countries like France , Singapore , Canada and Germany.
Other satellites manufactured by ISRO are the IRS series, INSAT (Indian national satellite system) series, Radar imaging satellites named RISAT-1 and RISAT -2.
Some of the satellites are:
Indian Remote Sensing satellites (IRS)
IRS are a range of earth observation satellites. The IRS system is the largest arrangement of remote sensing satellites for public use still operational today in the world. These satellites provide data in a variety of spatial, spectral and temporal resolutions to enable several programs to be undertaken relevant to national development.
INSAT series satellites
These are multi-purpose satellite system used for domestic communication. It is used in for media communications, TV broadcasting, climate anticipating, disaster warning.
ISRO also made satellite SARAL (Satellite with Argos and ALtiKa)
It was launched in Feb 2013 which is a cooperative altimetry technology mission between Indian and France. It was constituted for measuring and monitoring the ocean surface topography with a high degree of accuracy.
A satellite developed in memory of Indian astronaut Kalpana Chawla who lost her life in the space shuttle Columbia disaster. It was the first meteorological satellite to be developed by ISRO.
It stands for Indian regional navigation satellite system is an independent satellite-based navigation system is currently under development by ISRO. The main purpose of developing IRNSS is to provide accurate real-time positioning and timing services for users over India. IRNSS or NAVIC (NAVigation for Indian Constellation) will comprise of a bevy of 3 satellite in geostationary orbit and 4 satellite in geosynchronous orbit approximately at an elevation of 36000 km above the surface of the earth. Till now, Indians rely on foreign satellites (mainly the USA) for global positioning system(GPS) services-which have time and again proved to be faulty in showing accurate location positioning. NAVIC will provide service at 2 levels-civilian use and military(restricted) use.
GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation-GAGAN
It is a Satellite-Based Augmentation System (SBAS) for the Indian Airspace made (ISRO) and Airports Authority of India (AAI). The objective of GAGAN is to establish, deploy and certify satellite-based augmentation system for life-critical civil aviation applications in India. It will enable pilots to navigate the Indian airspace with an accuracy of 3 meters. It will be used to provide availability, accuracy, and integrity necessary for all phases of flight, from en route to arrival for all authorized airports within the GAGAN service volume. Additionally, this would be helpful in landing aircraft in capricious weather conditions in the case of emergency.
Human Spaceflight Programme
The government of India has commissioned rupees 124 billion for its human spaceflight programme.
An unmanned human spaceflight programme is proposed by ISRO which will take two humans to low earth orbit for seven days. Once the government approves the mission, it will take approximately 7 years to plan and develop the required resources.
India’s first unmanned lunar exploration mission to the moon, Chandrayaan-1 reached lunar orbit in November 2008.
Chandrayaan-1 carried high-resolution remote sensing machinery for near infrared, visible and soft and hard X-ray frequencies. During its 312-day stay, it surveyed the lunar surface to yield a complete projection of its chemical thumbprint and 3-dimensional topography. It is the first lunar exploration mission to successfully discover the existence of water on the surface of moon-adding yet another feather to ISRO’s cap.
India’s first interplanetary space probe, Mars Orbiter Mission(MOM) or Mangalyaan was launched in November 2013 at a shoestring budget of 73 million dollars as compared to NASA’S MAVEN(Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN Mission) which took 671 million dollars. It successfully entered mars orbit in September 2014. MOM made ISRO the fourth space agency to successfully reach mars. Also, it made India the first country to send a satellite to mars in its very first attempt. Modular designing , home-grown technologies and significantly less payload as compared to other satellites following the same track constituted to its cost effectiveness.
Many future satellite missions being planned by ISRO are: GSAT-9, GSAT-11, NISAR, chandrayaan-2 to name a few. RLV-TED, a reusable launch vehicle will also be developed and deployed by ISRO.
The most trending and searched ISRO mission is that ISRO launching 83 Satellites using a single rocket in January 2017. This is to be the world record. A mission to the Sun, spacecraft Aditya-L1 will be launched by 2019-2020 by ISRO to study the Coronal mass injections and consequently sketch out the parameters that affect space weather.
A mission to venus is also being planned which will materialize by 2020.
So this was all about the ISRO launching 83 Satellites in Jan 2017 Single Rocket. We will discuss more on Mars One Mission One Way Trip to Mars by 2024 in our next session. If you have any further information then you can share us by commenting in the comment box below. Stay tuned to us at EducationTimes.
Credits: Komal Singh